Short Course in Mental Health Nursing for Enrolled Nurses | Module 2: Psychopathology

R4,640.00 incl. Vat

Date: 20 – 24 July 2020

Time: 07:00 – 16:00

Venue: Baobab Room, Vista Clinic, 135 Gerhard Street, Centurion

CPD points: The content of this workshop is presented in line with SANC’s proposed CPD guidelines.  Once SANC has ratified its CPD guidelines and opened applications, Vista Academy will apply to have all workshops and short courses accredited for CPD points.

16 in stock

4693.

NB: Should delegates wish to attend only certain themes/days, they may contact us to make a special booking arrangement. A certificate will be received for each day attended.

THEME 1 (DAY 1)
DIAGNOSIS AND CLASSIFYING PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS

Introduction

The first step in the study of psychopathology is to systematically discern significant signs and symptoms.  How do mental healthcare professionals ascertain whether or not a person’s inner state and behaviour truly represent a psychological disorder? How do mental healthcare professionals arrive at a proper diagnosis- that is, appropriately identifying and labelling a set of defined symptoms?

Specific outcomes

  • Distinguish between mental health and mental illness.
  • Explain the purpose and use of classification systems in the study of psychopathology.
  • Describe the basic features of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fight Edition (DSM-5).
  • Debate the use of a classification system in the treatment of MHCUs (refer to cultural considerations)
  • Formulate a complete DSM – 5 diagnosis.
NURSING PROCESS

Introduction

Psychiatric nurses use the nursing process to assess, plan and implement care for people struggling with mental health issues.  The nursing process is an interactive, problem-solving process.  It is a systematic and individualized way to achieve outcomes in mental health nursing care.

Specific outcomes

  • Demonstrate the use of the nursing process in psychiatric nursing:
  • Conduct a comprehensive mental health assessment
  • Formulate a nursing diagnosis for different mental health problems.
  • Formulate treatment outcomes for different mental health problems
  • Compile a nursing care plan (interventions) for different mental health problems
  • Evaluate the outcomes of different mental health interventions.
THEME 2 (DAY 2)
MOOD DISORDERS

Introduction

“Mood disorders, also called affective disorders are pervasive alterations in emotions that are manifested by depression, mania or both.  They interfere with a person’s life, plaguing him or her with drastic and long-term sadness, agitation or elation” (Videbeck 2011:281).

Specific outcomes

  • Reflect on the prevalence of mood disorders
  • Discuss the aetiology of mood disorders
  • Differentiate between mood disorders using the SDM-5 criteria
  • Discuss the management of mood disorders
  • Apply the nursing process to the care of a MHCU with a mood disorder.
  • Explain the mechanism of action of medication for mood disorders
  • Provide mental health education with regards to side effects of medication for mood disorders
  • SSRIs
  • Mood stabilisers
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Identify the signs of Lithium toxicity
  • Discuss the use of electroconvulsive therapy for mood disorders referring to:
  • Indications
  • Contra-indications
  • Potential side-effects
  • Nursing care
  • Identify populations at risk for suicide
  • Apply the nursing process to the care of a suicidal MHCU.
THEME 3 (DAY 3)
ANXIETY DISORDERS

Introduction

“Anxiety disorders comprise a group of conditions that share a key feature of excessive anxiety with ensuing behavioural, emotional, cognitive and physiological responses.  Clients suffering from anxiety disorders can demonstrate unusual behaviours such as panic without reason, unwarranted fear of objects of life conditions uncontrollable repetitive actions, reexperiencing of traumatic events or unexplainable or overwhelming worry” (Videbeck 2011 226).

Specific outcomes

  • Describe anxiety as a response to stress.
  • Describe the levels of anxiety with behavioural changes related to each level.
  • Reflect on the prevalence of anxiety disorders.
  • Discuss the aetiology of mood disorders.
  • Differentiate between different anxiety disorders using the DSM-5 criteria.
  • Discuss the management of anxiety disorders
  • Apply the nursing process to the care of a MHCU with an anxiety disorder
  • Explain the mechanism of action of medication for anxiety disorders.
  • Provide mental health education with regards to side effects of medication for anxiety disorders.
THEME 4 (DAY 4)
NEURO-COGNITIVE DISORDERS

Introduction

“The primary categories of cognitive disorders are delirium, dementia and amnestic disorders.  All involve impairment of cognition, but they vary with respect to cause, treatment, prognosis, and effect on clients and family members or caregivers” (Videbeck 2011:440).

Specific outcomes

  • Reflect on the incidence of cognitive disorders
  • Discuss the aetiology of cognitive disorders
  • Differentiate between different cognitive disorders using the DSM-5 criteria.
  • Discuss the management of cognitive disorders.
  • Apply the nursing process to the care of MHCU with a cognitive disorder
  • Explain the mechanism of action of medication for cognitive disorders
  • Provide mental health education with regards to side effect of medication for cognitive disorders.
THEME 5 (DAY 5)
PSYCHOTIC DISORDERS

Introduction

Psychosis refers to a “cluster of symptoms including delusions, hallucinations and grossly disordered thinking and behaviour” (Videbeck 2011:505).  “the syndrome of symptoms associated with schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders reveals alterations in content and organization of thoughts, perception of sensory input, affect or emotional tone, sense of identity, volition, psychomotor behaviours and ability to establish satisfactory interpersonal relationships” (Townsend 2015:107).

Specific outcomes

  • Reflect on the prevalence of psychotic disorders
  • Discuss the aetiology of psychotic disorders.
  • Distinguish between the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • Differentiate between the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • Differentiate between different psychotic disorders using the DSM-5 criteria.
  • Discuss the management of psychotic disorders.
  • Apply the nursing process to the care of MHCU with a psychotic disorder.
  • Explain the mechanism of action of medication for psychotic disorders.
  • Provide mental health education with regards to side effects of medication for mood disorders: Conventional antipsychotic and Atypical antipsychotics.
  • Describe the supportive and rehabilitative needs of clients with schizophrenia who love in the community.
PERSONALITY DISORDERS

Introduction

Other disorders include eating disorders, substance related disorders and personality disorders.

Specific outcomes

  • Reflect on the incidence of personality disorders
  • Discuss the aetiology of personality disorders
  • Differentiate between different personality disorders using the DSN-5 criteria
  • Discuss the management of personality disorders.
  • Apply the nursing process to the care of a MHCU with a personality disorder
  • Explain the mechanism of action for medication for personality disorders
  • Provide mental health education with regards to side effects of medication for personality disorders
  • Distinguish between personality disorders:
  • Cluster A: Paranoid, Schizoid Schizotypal
  • Cluster B: Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic
  • CLUSTER C: AVOIDANT, DEPENDENT, OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE